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  1918-1939
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Kambala

Rus Denizaltısı Kambala (Metin ingilizcedir.Fakat en kısa zamanda tercüme edilecektir)

Ağırlık:207 ton   Boy:39.6 m   En:2.7 m   S.Ç:2.5 m   M.G:(400 hp kerosen and 200 hp elektrik) 2 shafts   Hız:10 knots Personel:28   Silahlar:1×457 mm TT ve 2×torpedoes in drop collars

A Karp class submarine that served in the Russian Navy,during the first quarter of the 20'th Century.

Sinking and Aftermath=On 11 June 1909,while conducting a military exercise,she was accidentally rammed behind the conning tower by the battleship Rostislav.The submarine sunk almost immediately,taking everyone with her except commander Lt.Aquilonoff (which was giving orders to the helmsman (through the speaking tube) just before the collision occured).According to him,the orders were misinterpreted (the helm being put to port instead of to starboard).İmmediately after the sinking,rescue operations began.Several crew members were trapped inside bow section,with only the untrustable bulkheads door standing between them and death.The plan was to salvage the bow by wrapping chains around the hull and lifting it.2 divers died to immense pressure (the sub was in 150 ft of water).Several other divers desperately tried to install the chains but their efforts were un-fruitful due to the immense pressure.Eventually the rescue operation was abandoned and a new plan was made (to only salvage the boat).After a few days the bow section was salvaged and brought to Sevastopol.The bodies of the dead crew (which died due to lack of oxygen) were buried in a cemetary,with the submarine's conning tower established as a memorial.The rest of the bow was then sold for scrap.The stern section is still underwater.

Why the rescue operation was un-succesfull=Normally the submarines of that time period had an air storage capacity that can last for 3 days.However,the Kambala was structurally weak & for this reason could not normally make a descent of more than 100 ft.When she sank,she was in 150 ft of water and as previously stated,only the untrustworthy bulkheads door stood between the men and their death.Some of the divers that participated in the rescue operation,suffered major injuries due to the immense pressure and the lack of sufficent equipment (that can withstand the pressure).

The boats were ordered in the 1904 emergency programme as a result of the Russo-Japanese War. The design was a twin hull type with 7 ballast tanks and a 16 fathom (96 feet) diving limit. The boats were delivered late for the war and transferred to the Black Sea Fleet by rail in 1908. The design served as the prototype for the first German U-boat, U-1, which was commissioned into the Imperial German Navy on 14 December 1906.The U-1 has been preserved,and is currently on display at the Deutsches Museum in Munich.
 
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